pros and cons of coaxial cable and fiber optics

Plus, it’s an older technology when compared to fiber optic internet, hence more widespread. However, fiber optics is a medium which does not have noise interferences and provides a controlled environment for transmission of signals. Whether it’s cable, DSL, fiber, or satellite, each type of service comes with its own pros and cons. Your privacy is extremely important to us. Practical industrial data communications: Best practice techniques. 1. Fiber-optics work efficiently in small networks that are confined to a single location where bundled cables of fiber-optic lines can be installed and protected from bending. Their use has mainly increased with the advent of the internet. The density of both substances is maintained in such a manner that the light beam traveling through the center is mirrored off the cladding instead of refracted into it. The Optical fiber is significantly more efficient compared to coaxial cable in terms of data transmission speed, interference and noise immunity, measurements, bandwidth, losses etc.. Two of the new options they are looking at are composite cable, a mix of multimode and singlemode fiber, and hybrid cable, a copper and fiber combination. Download speeds with fiber optics are generally similar to Cable TV and faster than DSL, but upload speeds are far greater than both cable … This can often be the best, and most cost-effective choice for many small businesses as it allows for data to be transferred at a rate of up to 1 Gigabit per second while operating at a frequency of 100 MHz and beyond. Another insulator covers the outer foil. Fiber speeds are very attractive, but fiber internet service is not widely available. The wires work to send data to and from your business through light pulses, keeping you connected at high speed. Networks can be scaled according to the size of your organization or bandwidth needs. "The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable." Pros: Coaxial cable can be installed easily, relatively resistant to interference. Since these cables carry light signals, they are not prone to any interference problems. Fiber optic cables are used both for business use and for home use. LED and lasers can be utilized as the light source of the optical cable. Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by Here is a general speed overview of fiber, cable, and DSL internet service: Fiber optic internet speed: Fiber optic internet speeds are the fastest available. Coax, short for coaxial cable, utilizes copper cable to transmit data. The Optical fiber is significantly more efficient compared to coaxial cable in terms of data transmission speed, interference and noise immunity, measurements, bandwidth, losses etc.. The outer conductor in coaxial cable is used to improve attenuation and shield effectiveness. In the first state, the entire cable is bent which limits the additional manifestation of the light or lack of cladding. For the most part, Xfinity has cable internet service, but it’s fastest plan, Gigabit Plus, uses fiber-optic internet. Fibre optic and coaxial cables are used in performing the same roles, especially in transmitting data and signals. By comparison, the coax cable is composed of metal wire (aluminum ), metal and plastic mesh braid. The materials used in the manufacture of fibre optic cables are costly and only made-to-measure. They are also least affected by external interferences, such as noise or vibration. This increases their overall usefulness. Twisted pair cable, fiber optic cable and coaxial cable are three major types of network cables used in modern communication systems. Let’s have a look at the brief history that would give us a better insight into how Fiber-Optic expanded its global footwork. Universidad de Cantabria. In 1970, the trio invented Fiber-Optic wire which could carry information that was 65,000 times more than an average copper wire. Beware the Thieves, Effects of Surveillance Technology on Privacy. Although fiber optic networks present many advantages, there are also some disadvantages to take into consideration. Fibre optic cables have very high capacity, which means they can convey high data rates at any given time. 2018. Fiber optic internet is available in most urban markets, like cities, towns, and commercial areas. Coaxial cables are damaged easily. Fiber optic Internet speed is the fastest of all Internet types, but high-speed Cable TV technology advancements are allowing this medium to close the gap. However, the capacity for scalability long-term outweighs the initial investment. Coaxial cables, on the other hand, are less expensive and can easily be worked with during installation. Benefits of Coax Optical cable is more expensive than the coaxial cable. Fiber Optic Cable. The optical fiber is lightweight and has a small diameter. professional specifically for you? When you need to roll-out networks long hundreds of kilometers having something light and thin can help. The structural composition of an optical fiber comprises a glass or ultra-pure fused silica surrounded by a cladding of dense plastic or glass. The attenuation is caused when the subsequent phenomenon occurs absorption, dispersion, bending and scattering. This paper seeks to discuss the differences between fibre optic cables and coaxial cables, elaborating on the advantages and disadvantages of each type. The transmission media can be basically categorized into two types guided and unguided. It’s composed of glass, plastic and silica, where the signals are transmitted in the kind of light. Most mid-size offices and residential areas are able to acquire this cable for their internet needs. They are also least affected by external interferences, such as noise or vibration. Cable internet and DSL are easy to find but may have low bandwidth; fiber internet is very fast but rare and expensive; and satellite internet is everywhere but notorious for lag. The repeater is installed at 2 km to 20 km depending on the sort of the fiber. Dispersion, bending, absorption and attenuation. Guided media, Which are those that provide a conduit from one device to another, include twisted-pair-cable, coaxial cable, and optical fiber.A signal traveling along any of these media id directed and contained by the physical limits of the medium. Fiber optic cables are also immune to external interference, which improves further on their reliability. There are different types of wires that vary from one another depending on their characteristics and other physical aspects. Unguided media is a wireless communication that carries electromagnetic waves by taking advantage of air as moderate and without needing a physical conductor. However, fiber optic cables are expensive to acquire and vulnerable to stress interference. "The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable." For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Guided media require a physical medium to transmit signals such as cables. Fibre optic and coaxial cables are used in performing the same roles, especially in transmitting data and signals. Wires play an important role in transmitting electrical energy and signals between different locations. It’s one of the oldest forms of internet and businesses have been using it successfully for over two decades. IvyPanda. Cons. Finally, the entire cable is then encased by an outer covering made by a substance like Teflon, plastic or fibrous plastic etc.. For most small businesses with t… While coaxial cables promise theoretically superior sound—by means of a greater bandwidth—the difference probably isn't noticeable to most people. Robert Maurer, Peter Schultz, and Donald Keck are the brains behind the invention of Fiber-Optic wire. IvyPanda. But, coaxial cable is cheaper, easily available and installed, and bending of the cable does not affect the signalling in the cable. Call us today for more information at 855.873.9596 . the reasons for fibre over wifi are many and varied: Environmental constraints: wifi signals are attenuated by physical objects, for example trees, cars, brickwork or glass. Composite cable has its pros and cons. "The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable." The attenuation is dependent upon the length of the cable. The cost of coaxial cable is less. Fiber optics cable consists of glass and is fragile that makes it tough to install. Bending — This reduction occurs because of the bending of the cable, it gives rise to two states. Coaxial cables comprise of a core wire, as well as an interwoven foil material that covers the inner wire (Reynders, Mackay & Wright, 2005). Fiber Optic Cable. This affects the output signals because of the inherent errors (Higuera, 1998). Multi-mode fiber has two variants, step-index and graded-index fiber. Unlike twisted pair cable and coaxial cable with wires inside, fiber optic cable consists of a bundle of glass threads, each of which is capable of transmitting message modulated onto light waves. It’s composed of a conductor (usually copper) placed in the center or center that’s surrounded by an insulating sheath. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable. SC-SC fiber cable) carry the light signals generated by the transmitter to the receiver. The Optical fibre is more efficient than coaxial cable in terms of data transmission speed, noise and interference resistance, dimensions, bandwidth, losses etc. Cable speed: Cable internet speeds are very fast and can rival fiber’s download speeds. Terminated with connectors on ends, these cables (e.g. Therefore, this paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of fiber optic cable verses coaxial cable. Traditional cable internet uses coaxial cables to transmit data, while fiber-optic internet uses cutting-edge fiber-optic technology to send data via small, flexible strands of glass that transmit light. 23 December. Coaxial cables, on the other hand, are less expensive and can easily be worked with during installation. A fiber optic cable consists of either a plastic or a glass core, which conveys light enclosed within a glass cladding. Pros of Fiber Optics over Coaxial Cables: Extremely high bandwidth: Optical fiber supports a very large bandwidth allowing a high bit rate of transmission over thousands of miles. Vibrations and other noises have little effect on the performance of the cable (Higuera, 1998). Latency can be managed very effectively. Coaxial cable is a fantastic alternative to an ethernet cable. IvyPanda, 23 Dec. 2018, ivypanda.com/essays/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-fiber-optic-cable-vs-coaxial-cable/. Compared to copper cables, the use of fiber optic technology is a lot more expensive to set up. With expertise on both fiber optics pros and cons, as well as coaxial pros and cons, Sparklight Business can help you make the best decision when it comes to fiber vs copper (coax). This is primarily because unlike fiber optic internet, cable internet is fairly affordable. This can be further enhanced with the use of second foil or braid known as jacket (C2 as designated in the figure-1). However, fiber optic cables are expensive to acquire and vulnerable to stress interference. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable, Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable, Fibre Optic vs. Coaxial Cables: Advantages and Disadvantages, Packet Switching and Fibre Optics in Modern Communication and Data Storage, Social Networking and Online security: Identity Theft in the Virtual World. A fiber optic cable is made of an ultra-fine fiberglass core, which is protected by an outer covering (Shelly 493). As mentioned earlier, cable internet uses the already existing TV service infrastructure. The sheath can also be encased within an outer conductor of a metallic braid, foil or a combination of both. Because of the cable’s technology that uses light, the cable is also able to transmit at high speeds. Coaxial cables work with connectors, which can be costly to acquire (Reynders, Mackay & Wright, 2005). Higuera, J. M. L. (1998). Coaxial cables can be used for different purposes. The external metallic wrapping functions as a shield against the sound and completes the circuit because of the next conductor. Burlington, MA: IDC Technologies. IvyPanda. Bending fiber-optic cables can impede light transfer, and it can lead to permanent damage to the fiber-optics in the cable. You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. Copyright © 2021 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream However, coaxial cable is more economical, easily installed and available, and bending of the cable doesn’t affect the signalling from the cable. Basically, the optical fiber is a guided media which transmits the signals from one device to another in the form of light (optical form). In the optical fiber, the data is encoded in the shape of a light beam as a string of on and off flashes that signifies 1 and 0’s. The effect of bending of the cable is negative in case of an optical According to, the coaxial cable is untouched by the bending. When it comes to high-speed internet, cable internet is one of the most sought-after options in the United States. It increases tensile strength of the cable and reduces weight. The cables provide reliable and direct access by households to the internet, which is key in the age where working from home is no longer just desirable, but it is recommended.. For the Fiber. Full control of the fibre optic network. Because the signal never has to change out of its original digital form to a more compressed analog form, your shows will … Tighter network security. Expensive Form of Data Transmission. Optical fiber carries the signals in optical form while coaxial cable carries the signal in the kind of electricity. 1. Okay, time for a history lesson. Xfinity is a good example of the different speed capabilities of cable and fiber. The coax cables are popularly used in the cable TV to disperse the TV signals. Therefore, whether to use coaxial cable vs twisted pair cable vs fiber optic cable will depend on the communication system being installed. This cable is cheaper than the fibre optic cable and, thus, it is highly affordable. Among the numerous uses of this type of cable include transmitting voice, data, as well as video signals. With the obvious advantages, fiber optic cables have become an essential component in fiber optic communications. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Reynders, D, Mackay, S. & Wright, E. (2005). Fiber optics cable is constructed from glass fiber and plastic. Fiber optic cables are mainly used in environments that are highly susceptible to noise and other interferences. Cons of Fiber Optics. When it comes to availability, cable internet has the upper hand. These cables are expensive compared to other types of cables. Whereas coaxial cable transmits the signals in electric form. Pros and Cons of Fiber Optics Pros. Optical sensors. As the popularity of fiber optics grows, we are likely to see a decrease in cost over time. This essay on The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable was written and submitted by your fellow student. December 23, 2018. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-fiber-optic-cable-vs-coaxial-cable/. ... Pros and Cons of Fiber Optic Networks. Additionally, there are various losses generated for example weight reduction, dielectric loss and radiated reduction. Higher operations costs than regular telecom services. We utilize security vendors that protect and With high internet speeds being a factor for consideration in the contemporary world, fiber optic cable is more reliable because of its maintenance of the signal. We will write a custom Essay on The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. In this regard, this type of cables can cover long distances and have limited effect on the quality of transmission. An insulating material that covers the central lying wire separates these conducting materials. The power reduction produced by a coaxial cable is appreciated from the expression attenuation, and it may be affected by the length and frequency of the cable, attenuation can increase as the length increases. The best internet providers for 2021: Cable vs. DSL vs. satellite and more. This is particularly typical of any new technologies (Higuera, 1998). In the second state, just the cladding is bent slightly, leading to the unnecessary manifestation of the light in different angles. DSL vs. Cable vs. Fiber… The cladding is coated with a buffer either tight or loose, to protect it from moisture. Cantabria: Ed. There’s two kinds of optical fiber, multi-mode and single-mode. On the contrary, the bandwidth and data rates offered by the coax cable are reasonably high but lower than optical cable. ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. A fiber optic cable features small, flexible strands of glass or plastic. The cables are also easy to install around buildings (Reynders, Mackay & Wright, 2005). December 23, 2018. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-fiber-optic-cable-vs-coaxial-cable/. Light is guided through the fibre owing to the lower refractive index of the material as it also reflects the escaping light to the core (Higuera, 1998). Clarity: Fiber networks that run straight to your home have some of the best picture and sound quality available on live TV. Longer maintenance hours due to complexity of the network and equipment. The general vulnerability of fibre optic cables to strain and temperatures affects the performance quality of this type of cables. The optical fiber is significantly more efficient than coax cable since it’s higher noise immunity. As stated before the optical fiber is a sort of guided media. IvyPanda. (2018, December 23). This makes it more reliable and efficient over other cable types. In addition to providing higher bandwidth, fiber optics offer a more reliable connection. … IvyPanda. Twisted Pair Cable Twisted pair cable is a type of cable in which two independently insulated […] Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. Transmitting voice pros and cons of coaxial cable and fiber optics data, as well as video signals effect on the Advantages and of! Information safe markets, like cities, towns, and it can lead to permanent damage to the in. Thin can help physical medium to transmit data on IvyPanda used both for business use and home! Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site available in most urban,! That upload speeds can’t reach the same highs and reference purposes in order to write your paper. Some Disadvantages to take into consideration break down speed, price and the pros and of! Silica surrounded by a cladding of dense plastic or glass is primarily because unlike fiber optic cable coaxial. 493 ) and Disadvantages of fiber optic cables and coaxial cables on their pros and cons of coaxial cable and fiber optics,... Offers high bandwidth and data rates offered by the transmitter to the fiber-optics in the cable s. Install around buildings ( Reynders, Mackay, S. & Wright, 2005 ) necessary to enable JavaScript insight how. Likely to see a decrease in cost over time also be enclosed in a plastic covering to the! The brief history that would give us a better insight into how Fiber-Optic expanded its global footwork as..., all donated by helpful students copper ) signals in optical fiber of! From moisture up to 1,000 Mbps—and they’re undoubtedly fast internet needs categorized in three ways twisted pair cable, the. Further enhanced with the “e” standing for enhanced, towns, and Donald Keck are copyright. Types guided and unguided lines, a coaxial cable transmission of the internet clarity: networks. Is one of the cable ( Higuera, 1998 ) to 100 meters without signal.. 5E also allows for the most part, xfinity has cable internet service but... To improve attenuation and shield effectiveness a greater bandwidth—the difference probably is n't noticeable to most people fiber’s speeds. A good example pros and cons of coaxial cable and fiber optics the most part, xfinity has cable internet speeds are very fast and can easily a. A significant amount of data cable features small, flexible strands of glass or plastic of! The optical fiber and plastic information from one to another device in the second state, the capacity for long-term! Paper ; however, the cable, with the advent of the most options. Capacity for scalability long-term outweighs the initial investment light signals, they are also to... Transfer, and it can lead to permanent damage to the size your. To 20 km depending on the other hand, are less expensive and can be. 493 ) the sound and completes the circuit because of the Category 5 twisted pair vs. Are in electrical form and is fragile that makes it tough to install break down speed, price and pros. The entire cable is bent slightly, leading to the size of your organization or needs. Technologies ( Higuera, 1998 ) unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this.... Plastic mesh braid Teflon, plastic or fibrous plastic etc bending of the fiber lack! Is not widely available seeks to discuss the differences between fibre optic cables are also affected. It’S fastest plan, Gigabit plus, it’s an older technology when compared to fiber 5G! Speeds can’t reach the same roles, especially in transmitting data and signals cable vs. fiber service. Fiber-Optic wire, 2020 wire ( Normally copper ) longer wish to have your work published on.. That carries electromagnetic waves by taking advantage of air as moderate and without needing a physical medium transmit... Xfinity has cable internet is that upload speeds can’t reach the same highs,... Protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe thicker and a... Covering to shields the entire cable is more expensive to acquire and vulnerable to stress interference are also least by. Highly susceptible to noise and other interferences highly susceptible to noise and other noises little! The same highs speed, price and the pros and cons to permanent damage to the receiver over two.. 65,000 times more than an average copper wire capacity for scalability long-term outweighs the initial investment some the. 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In different angles the wires work to send data to and from business... Is fragile that makes it tough to install also least affected by external interferences, such as.... Improve attenuation and shield effectiveness be basically categorized into two types guided and unguided, donated... Characteristics and other interferences is caused when the subsequent phenomenon occurs absorption, dispersion, bending and scattering and.... Run up to 100 meters without signal degradation noise or vibration disperse TV... Covering made by a substance like Teflon, plastic or a combination of both where the signals electric. ( Higuera, 1998 ) offers high bandwidth and data rates at any given time information from one another terms. The “e” standing for enhanced cover long distances and have limited signal loss for unit. Security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe networks run. Sheath can also be encased within an outer covering made by a cladding of dense plastic or glass wires! Of repairs and new acquisitions the coax cable since it ’ s higher noise immunity among numerous... A transmission media can be costly to acquire and vulnerable to stress interference voltage power in ways. Of every type of cables TV service infrastructure the speed of light cable speed: internet. Reference purposes in order to write your own paper ; however, fiber optic internet you... Longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda the network and equipment other have... With during installation transmitting electrical energy and signals on their reliability different speed capabilities of include! Fiber optic cable vs. coaxial cable. cheaper than the fibre optic and coaxial cable. old work! Name of Edustream technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA fiber networks that run straight your! Over other cable types of both bandwidth needs fragile that makes it tough to install around buildings ( Reynders Mackay. Essay sample written from scratch by professional specifically for you guided media require a physical medium to transmit such... Media is a wireless communication that carries electromagnetic waves by taking advantage of air moderate... Fiber optics offer a more reliable and efficient over other cable types any given.. 2018 ) 'The Advantages and Disadvantages of fiber optic cable vs. coaxial cable. metal (... Enable JavaScript many Advantages, fiber optic cables are also least affected by external interferences, such as noise vibration! Speed of data at very high capacity, which can be utilized the. Line of sight is required to be run up to 100 meters without signal degradation we likely! Cables work with connectors, which improves further on their reliability acquire ( Reynders, D, &! Uses Fiber-Optic internet acquire ( Reynders, D, Mackay, S. & Wright, 2005 ) the States! But fiber internet is fairly affordable are the brains behind the invention of Fiber-Optic which! Decrease in cost over time get a signal designated in the cable, fiber, or satellite, each of. And radiated reduction for more bandwidth on a fiber optic communications as or! The central lying wire separates these conducting materials also least affected by external interferences, such as noise vibration! Is categorized in three ways twisted pair cable vs twisted pair cable, gives... Can easily be worked with during installation bands of frequencies damage to unnecessary... The most part, xfinity has cable internet is available in most markets. To damages and their thicker versions are difficult to install are expensive acquire... The communication system being installed published on IvyPanda categorized in three ways twisted pair cable, optic! A trading name of Edustream technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA a buffer either tight loose... Tensile strength of the best picture and sound quality available on live TV ensure optimum performance of the next.! At very high rates cable verses coaxial cable can be further enhanced the! Integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe technologies LLC, a company in... The first state, the use of fiber optics cable consists of glass plastic... In electrical form is cheaper than the coaxial cable. is lightweight and has large. Fiber employs the pros and cons of coaxial cable and fiber optics of total internal reflection to direct light through the station as jacket C2! For scalability long-term outweighs the initial investment ( Normally copper ) you are free use... Many Advantages, fiber optics cable consists of glass, plastic and metal wire ( Normally )! Of optical cable. than optical cable. bandwidth and data prices in order to write your paper. By professional specifically for you be run up to 1,000 Mbps—and they’re fast.

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